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How AI Technology Will Transform Design — TechRuum

AI-generated art is everywhere on the web. If you are an active Instagram, Twitter, or Pinterest user, you likely saw interesting artworks created using text-based tools like DALLE, Midjourney, or Stable Diffusion. The magic of these tools is that to generate images, all you need to do is to provide a string of text that describes what the image is all about. Many AI-generated works look stunning, but it’s only the beginning. In the foreseeable future, AI tools will be so intuitive that everyone can express their ideas. The rise of tools that have AI at their core makes design practitioners wonder if AI will replace designers.

In this article, we will overview the current state of design, answer common questions designers have about AI tools and share practical tips on how designers can make the most of using AI tools.

Mastering any skill takes time, and design is no exception. Designers have a lot of great tools in their arsenal, but the process of honing design talent takes years. You need to invest years of your life to get to the point when you can create decent artwork.

Human-made design: glass reflection CGI
Human-made design: glass reflection CGI. A few seconds of rendering was 87 hours on 5 RTX. (Image by Gleb Kuznetsov)

No matter how creative you are, you must spend time creating something using your hand. Most of the time, it’s impossible to go from idea to solution in a few minutes. As a result, sometimes it feels like design is 95% craft and only 5% art.

Much energy goes into the visualization of ideas, and it can be very frustrating to learn that your idea doesn’t resonate with the audience. Once you publish your work, you might learn that it’s not something your audience wants. An unsuccessful design pitch leads to a situation when your work goes straight to the garbage bin.

But in the near future, you will be able to use shortcuts and go from your idea to the final work in a minute rather than hours or days. You will be able to avoid the tedious process of physically making art and instead become a visioner who tells the computer what you want to build and lets the computer do the work for you. And you can experience the power of AI tools even today. Use Dalle.2 by OpenAI, Midjourney, or Stable Diffusion.

Let’s answer a few popular questions that designers have regarding AI.

Can I Take Credit For Artworks Created By AI?

The answer is yes, you can, but you shouldn’t. Many AI artwork generation tools available on the market don’t give designers much freedom to control the process of artwork creation. As a designer, you explain your intention to the AI system through plain words and let the tool do its magic. You have limited or no information on how the tool works.

Because modern AI tools don’t give you much freedom to impact the design direction, the final result misses the human touch. Right now, you cannot convey a lot of personality in works generated by AI tools. At the same time, it doesn’t mean this will be true in the future. We will likely see the tools that give designers more control over the process of creating visual assets.

AI-generated design: 3D sphere with sea wave
AI-generated design: 3D sphere with sea wave. Image by Gleb Kuznetsov created using Midjourney. (Large preview)
More after jump! Continue reading below ↓

Will AI Take My Job?

Many professional artists panic because they see how good artificial intelligence has become at creating artwork. AI-generated art fills the market and takes potential clients. Instead of hiring a human digital artist, many companies ‘hire’ AI to do the job because it can do design work for a fraction of the cost. This trend not only takes jobs but also lowers the market value of the art — the artworks become less valuable because people see how easy it is to generate artwork using AI.

AI-generated design: Illustrations of airplanes
AI-generated design: Illustrations of airplanes. Image by Nick Babich created using Stable Diffusion 2.1. (Large preview)

What happens right now is a predictable situation. It’s just how business works. If a business can save money by following a more effective approach, it will do it. During the industrial revolution of the 19th century, some English textile workers intentionally destroyed textile machines because they were afraid that machines would replace them. Of course, machines replaced some of the roles (typically, roles where heavy lifting or monotonous work was required), but they didn’t replace humans. The same is true for AI tools. AI won’t completely replace human ingenuity; it will complement human potential.

The true power of AI is not about replacing humans but instead giving them a massive boost in productivity.

If you think about the primary reason why people invented new tools in the first place, it becomes evident that work efficiency was the number one reason — the same works for AI. AI will help us work more efficiently.

The quality of your ideas and your ability to understand user problems and create solutions that help people is critically important at any age of product design, including the age of AI design.

When designers use the same tools and data inputs, they could easily end up making a homogenized design that looks generic.

Three houses created by AI that look generic
Even though these images were created by different authors using different prompts, they look very similar because they use the same model, Lexica Aperture v2. (Image by Lexica.art) (Large preview)

But the problem of homogenized design is not new. Dribbblisation of design was a massive topic in the design field for a few years. Many people in the industry worry about the situation when a vast majority of the product design work on Dribbble looks the same (the same styles are applied).

Will the problem become worse when AI tools are popularized? The answer is no. If you look closer at the artists who publish their work at Dribbble, you will notice that there aren’t many artists who set trends. Once a new trend emerges and it resonates with the audience, many designers start to follow it and designs that look trendy.

“Out in the sun, some painters are lined up. The first is copying nature; the second is copying the first; the third is copying the second.”
— Paul Gauguin

AI tools won’t replace all designers anytime soon because imagination and creativity will still be the powerful properties of the artist’s mind. Until AI technology becomes sophisticated enough to do creative thinking, we don’t have to worry about creating AI trends. The point is, soon, it will be possible to curate the data you will provide as an input to the system, and the AI system will learn from you, so the results will include a lot of your personality.

Early in 2023, a group of artists filed a class-action lawsuit against Midjourney and Stability AI, claiming copyright infringement. Both Midjourney and Stability AI were trained using billions of internet images, and this suit alleges that the companies behind those tools “violated the rights of millions of artists” who created the original images. Whether or not AI art tools violate copyright law can be challenging to determine because the database used for training is massing (billions of images). But one thing is for sure — the AI tools create new images based on the knowledge they learned due to the training.

Can designers face legal troubles using AI tools in the future? So far, there is no single correct answer to this question, but the world is quickly embracing AI art (i.e., stock photo banks will start selling AI-generated stock imagery), and we will likely have more clear rules on how to use AI-generated images in the future.

The New Chapter In Design: Co-creation With AI

When Steve Jobs explained the power of computers, he said,

“What a computer is to me is it’s the most remarkable tool that we’ve ever come up with, and it’s the equivalent of a bicycle for our minds.”
— Steve Jobs

It’s possible to rephrase this quote in the context of AI, saying that AI is a bicycle for our creativity — our ability to create something new. Creativity is based on life experiences and ideas that creators have. AI cannot replace humans because it uses the work that humans create as an input to produce new designs. But AI can boost creativity greatly because it becomes a sort of ‘second brain’ that works with a creator and provides new inputs.

Of course, modern AI tools don’t give us much freedom to tweak the AI engine, but they still give us a lot of power. They can provide us with ideas we didn’t think of. It makes AI an excellent tool for discovery and exploration.

Here are just a few directions of how humans and machines can work together in the future:

Conduct Visual Exploration

AI tools capture the collective experience of millions of images from photo banks and give creators a unique opportunity to quickly explore the desired direction without spending too much energy. AI becomes your creative assistant during the process of visual exploration. You prompt the system with various directions you want to pursue and let the system generate various outcomes for you. You evaluate each direction and choose the best to pursue. The process of co-creation can be iterative. For example, once you see a particular design direction, you can tell the system to dive into it to explore it.

AI-generated design: A glance at mountain peaks
AI-generated design: A glance at mountain peaks. Image by Gleb Kuznetsov created using Midjourney. (Large preview)

There are two ways you can approach visual exploration, either by following text-to-image or image-to-image scenarios.

In an image-to-text scenario, you provide a prompt and tweak some settings to produce an image. Let’s discuss the most important properties of this scenario:

  • Prompt
    A prompt is a text string that we submit to the system so that it can create an image for you. Generally, the more specific details you provide, the better results the system will generate for you. You can use resources like Lexica to find a relevant prompt.
  • Steps
    Think of steps as iterations of the image creation process. During the first steps, the image looks very noisy, and many elements in the image are blurry. The system refines it with every iteration by altering the visual details of the image. If you use Stable Diffusion, set steps to 60 or more.
Sampling steps in Stable Diffusion
Sampling steps in Stable Diffusion. (Image by Stability AI) (Large preview)
  • Seed
    You can use the Seed number to create a close copy of a specific picture. For example, if you want to generate a copy of the image you saw on Lexica, you need to specify the prompt and seed number of this image.
Settings to specify the seed number
Specifying the seed number to generate a close copy of the original image. (Large preview)

In the image-to-image (img2img) scenario, AI will use your image as a source and produce variations of the image based on it. For example, here is how we can use a famous painting, Under the Wave off Kanagawa, as a source for Stable Diffusion.

Painting ‘Under the Wave off Kanagawa’ as a source for Stable Diffusion
Using image-to-image AI generation in Stable Diffusion. (Large preview)

We can play with Image Strength by setting it close to 0 so that AI can have more freedom in the way it can interpret the image. As you can see below, the image that the system generated for us has only a few visual attributes of the original image.

Stable Diffusion with Image Strength set to 5% resulted in an image of a Japanese woman in a traditional costume
Running Stable Diffusion with Image Strength set to 5%. (Large preview)

Or set Image Strength up to 95% so that AI can only create a slightly different version of the original image.

Stable Diffusion with Image Strength set to 95% resulted in a very similar image to the painting ‘Under the Wave off Kanagawa’
Running Stable Diffusion with Image Strength set to 95%. (Large preview)

Our experiment clearly proves that AI tools have an opportunity to replace mood boards. You no longer need to create mood boards (at least do it manually using tools like Pinterest) but rather tell the system to find ideas you want to explore.

Create A Complete Design For Your Product

AI can be an excellent tool to implement ideas quickly. Today we have a long and painful product design process. Going from idea to implementation takes weeks. But with AI, it can take minutes. You can create a storyboard with your product, specify the context of use for your future product, and let AI design a product.

Providing these details is important because AI should understand the nature of the problem you’re trying to solve with this design. For example, below are the visuals that you can create right now using a tool called Midjourney. All you need to do is to specify the text prompt “mobile app UI design, hotel booking, Dribbble, Behance –v 4 –q 2”.

Midjourney tool with the text prompt ‘mobile app UI design, hotel booking, Dribbble, Behance --v 4 --q 2’
Midjourney is a text-to-image tool currently available as chat in Discord. (Large preview)

I think that part “mobile app UI design, hotel booking, Dribbble, Behance” is self-explanatory. But you might wonder what –v and –q means.

  • –v means a version of the Midjourney.
    On November 10, 2022, the alpha iteration of version 4 was released to users.
  • –q means quality.
    This setting specifies how much rendering quality time you want to spend. The default number is 1. Creating the image in higher values takes more time and costs more.
AI-generated design: A concept of a hotel booking app created by Midjourney
AI-generated design: A concept of a hotel booking app created by Midjourney. Image by Nick Babich. (Large preview)

It’s important to mention a couple of common issues that images generated by Midjourney have:

  • Gibberish texts
    You likely noticed that the text on mobile app screens in the above example is not English.
  • Extra fingers
    If you generate an image of a person, you will likely see extra fingers on their hands and legs.
AI-generated design: two people shake hands with extra fingers on them
AI-generated design: two people shake hands. Image by Nick Babich. (Large preview)

In the foreseeable future, a design created by AI will automatically inherit all industry best practices, freeing designers from time-consuming activities like UI design audits. AI tools will significantly speed up the user research and design exploration phase because the tools analyze massive amounts of data and can easily provide relevant details for a particular product (i.e., create a user persona, draft a user journey, and so on). As a result, it will be possible to develop new products right during brainstorming sessions, so designers are no longer limited to low-fidelity wireframes or paper sketches. The product team members will be able to see how the product will look and work right during the session.

Create Virtual Worlds And Virtual People In It

No doubt that the metaverse will be the next big thing. It will be the most sophisticated digital platform humans have ever created, and content production will be an integral part of the platform design. Designers will have to find ways to speed up the creation of virtual environments and activities in them. At first, designers will likely try to recreate real-world places in the virtual world, but after that, they will rely on AI to do the rest. The role of designers in the metaverse will be more like a director (a person who will tailor the results) rather than a craftsman who does it with their hand. Imagine that you can create large virtual areas such as cities and get a sense of the scale of the city by experiencing it.

AI-generated design: High-tech patient room space
AI-generated design: High-tech patient room space. Image by Gleb Kuznetsov created using Midjourney. (Large preview)

It’s Time To Open A New Chapter In Design

AI-powered design solutions have an opportunity to become much more than just tools designers use to create assets. They have the chance to become a natural extension of the team. I believe that the true power of AI tools will shine when tools will learn from a creator and will be able to reflect the creator’s personality in the final design. Next-gen AI will learn both about you and from you and create works that functionality and aesthetics meet your needs and taste. As a result, the output the tools will produce will have a more authentic human fingerprint.

The future of design is bright because technology will allow more people to express their creativity and make our world more interesting and richer.

Further Reading On SmashingMag

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TechRuum Inc is a world class information technology company committed to use the best business practices to help companies develop the capabilities needed to compete in the global market. TechRuum partners with its clients to achieve success in the global markets with its specialized expertise in providing Onsite, Offsite and Offshore IT services and solutions. TechRuum’ core competency lies in enabling its clients to reduce the cost and complexity of deploying information technology while ensuring reliability, scalability, and manageability.

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